Mother Goddess Durga and her Symbolism
Accordingly Goddess Durga is the mother of the universe and believed to be the power behind the work of creation, preservation, and destruction of the world. Since time immemorial she has been worshiped as the supreme power of the Supreme Being and has been mentioned in many scriptures Yajur Veda, Vajasaneyi Samhita and Taittareya Brahman.
Meanwhile the word "Durga" in Sanskrit means a fort, or a place which is difficult to overrun. Another meaning of "Durga" is "Durgatinashini," which literally translates into "the one who eliminates sufferings." Thus, Hindus believe that goddess Durga protects her devotees from the evils of the world and at the same time removes their miseries.
Moreover Devi Durga stands on a lion in a fearless pose of "Abhay
Mudra", signifying assurance of freedom from fear. The universal mother
seems to be saying to all her devotees: "Surrender all actions and duties
onto me and I shall release thee from all fears".