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Smog in Indian capital severe after unfettered festival fireworks

The Express Tribune 2018-11-08 12:49:24

Delhi doctor­s have report­ed an increa­se in patien­ts with respir­atory proble­ms

Buildings are seen shrouded in smog in New Delhi, India, November 8, 2018. PHOTO: REUTERS

NEW DELHI: Pollution in the Indian capital, New Delhi, rose to a ‘severe’ level on Thursday after revellers let off fireworks long into the night to mark the Hindu festival of Diwali. Two federal government pollution indices showed air at “very poor” and “severe” levels, indicating that prolonged exposure could lead to respiratory illnesses.

Buildings are seen shrouded in smog in New Delhi, India, November 8, 2018. REUTERS

The indices mostly measure the concentration of tiny poisonous particulate matter, or PM 2.5, particles that are less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which can be carried deep into the lungs. The US embassy said PM 2.5 levels in its part of central Delhi had soared to 689, indicating emergency conditions, posing a serious health risk.

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A level of 50 or less is considered safe. A task-force under the federal pollution control board was scheduled to meet at 11 am to assess the situation, a city government spokesman told Reuters. Few Delhi residents wear face masks when they go out in heavy smog and joggers and passersby were out as normal near parliament early on Thursday.

Vehicles drive through smog in New Delhi, India, November 8, 2018. REUTERS

Last month, the Supreme Court allowed the use of ‘green’
firecrackers for Diwali, but only for two hours in the evening. However, there were no ‘green’ fireworks available for sale and countless fireworks were let off through the evening. Authorities have been reluctant to ban fireworks to avoid offending members of the majority Hindu community.

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Diwali is one of their biggest festivals. “The Supreme Court order on fireworks was not followed and health warnings from the government were limited to few newspapers and some websites,” said Greenpeace campaigner Sunil Dahiya. The apparent lack of concern about the toxic air – whether through ignorance or apathy – gives politicians the cover they need for failing to address the problem, say environmental
activists and others.

A man crosses a road on a smoggy morning in New Delhi, India, November 8, 2018. REUTERS

Tiny particulate matter can cause major health problems. In recent weeks, Delhi doctors have reported an increase in patients with respiratory problems. Adding to the smog has been smoke from the surrounding countryside, where farmers at this time of the year burn the stubble in their fields to prepare for winter sowing. More gentle winds and cool air, which can trap pollution, exacerbate the problem.

For a second year, New Delhi’s chief minister has likened the city to a “gas chamber”. Last year, he declared a public health crisis, shut schools for a week and told residents to remain indoors.